Concussion Specialist

Justin Waltrous, MD -  - Sports Medicine Specialist

Maryland Sports, Spine and Musculoskeletal Institute

Justin Waltrous, MD

Sports Medicine Specialist & Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Specialist located in Pasadena, MD

As many as 3.8 million Americans suffer from sports or recreation-related concussions every year. This type of brain injury can result in serious and permanent brain damage and needs proper evaluation from an experienced physician like Justin Waltrous, MD. At Maryland Sports, Spine and Musculoskeletal Institute in Pasadena, Maryland, Dr. Waltrous offers comprehensive concussion services, including diagnostic testing, custom treatments, and prevention help. Learn more about concussion testing and prevention by scheduling an appointment online or by phone today.

Concussion Q & A

What is a concussion?

A concussion is a brain injury that may cause a temporary loss of normal function in the brain. This type of injury is often the result of a direct blow to the head, even if there’s no sign of external damage.

While some incidents of a concussion involve the loss of consciousness, a person can remain fully conscious and still suffer from a concussion.

What are the signs of a concussion?

A concussion can affect many processes of the brain, even when the injury is minor. For this reason, coaches, emergency personnel, and others involved in sports receive special training to be able to identify signs of a concussion.

Following an injury to the head, you may find it difficult to remember what just happened. You may also feel confused. Other common signs of a concussion include:

  • Dizziness
  • Speech issues
  • Poor reflexes
  • Loss of balance
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Lack of muscle coordination

For some, a concussion can also cause nausea, vomiting, and increased sensitivity to light.

Even if symptoms appear mild, it’s important that you receive a thorough evaluation for a concussion as soon as possible to prevent permanent damage to your brain. This is especially true if you have a history of previous concussions.

How are concussions treated?

The primary treatment for a concussion is total rest. You may need to restrict your activities, both physical and mental, to give your brain the rest it needs to heal. Dr. Waltrous can recommend over-the-counter pain relievers to alleviate headache pain.

For many people, the side effects of a concussion can last for weeks or months, a condition known as post-concussion syndrome (PCS). During this time, you may still struggle with your memory and ability to concentrate. It’s also possible to experience frequent headaches, difficulties with sleep, and chronic fatigue.

During this time, you should continue to rest and limit activities. Dr. Waltrous can monitor your condition and continuing symptoms to determine when it’s safe to return to sports, work, or your usual activities. To prevent future risk of concussions, Dr. Waltrous can provide resources to ensure you’re well protected, especially if you plan to return to your sports activity.

If you have symptoms of a concussion following a head injury, don’t delay treatment. Call Maryland Sports, Spine and Musculoskeletal Institute or schedule an appointment online today.

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